文章由化学动力总裁撰写, Ronald Lewarchik, originally published in UL Prospector.
UL的研究表明，涂料是直接面向消费者还是企业对企业销售: Under the Lens: Claiming Green – The influence of green product claims on purchase intent and brand perception reveals that legitimate third-party, certified green claims contribute to the attractiveness of a product and command a higher price because of enhanced brand perception. The survey results are noteworthy, 因为70%的美国人说他们正在寻找更环保的产品, and 67% of business decision makers indicate sustainability is an important factor when making decisions for their organizations.
Avoiding Misleading Claims
However, many manufacturers misrepresent their products by claiming they are green for the purposes of enhancing sales. In 2012, 联邦贸易委员会修订了其绿色指南, the agency’s core set of guidelines to help marketers avoid making misleading environmental claims. 《腾讯五分彩》现在更加具体和规范, 使联邦贸易委员会更容易起诉“绿色清洗者”.” Accordingly, 如果环保主张在联邦贸易委员会看来具有欺骗性的话, 这既有财务风险，也有法律风险.
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A national distributor of painted metal roofs encountered peeling paint on several residential and public buildings. 屋顶涂料有20年的保修期，防止涂料供应商提供的剥落, 但是油漆供应商没有履行保修, 说是涂装过程中的缺陷，而不是油漆有问题. Consequently, this would have resulted in multiple law suits and multimillion dollar claims against our client.
As a paint consultant, 化学动力公司检查了多个有油漆脱落迹象的地点, 采集样品，完成屋面涂层分析和测试.
Chemical Dynamics was able to show that the failures were caused from faulty paint formulations that when exposed to the elements resulted in soft coatings that failed adhesion. Accordingly, our client was able shift the responsibility to the paint supplier to pay the claims.
一座用混凝土建造的有百年历史的政府大楼需要粉刷. Upon removal of the old paint, a reoccur-able, 无法油漆的粉末继续重新铺在建筑物表面. 客户已经与许多涂料公司和其他涂料顾问探讨了这个问题, 但他们都无法解释这种现象.
On short notice, Chemical Dynamics performed an onsite inspection and collected representative samples of the residue. The team performed a paint and coating failure analysis of the soluble components of the residue.
Chemical Dynamics was able to demonstrate that the powder residue is a result of secondary efflorescence of the concrete. Secondary efflorescence is the result of concrete degradation and the migration of water soluble salts to the surface of the concrete. With the proper diagnoses of the problem, Chemical Dynamics was able to recommend corrective action.
The annual cost of steel corrosion is estimated to be over $400 billion in the United States and $2 trillion globally. Corrosion is a process where the metal can be degraded by electrochemical and/or chemical processes. This article will discuss the use of lead- and chrome-free corrosion inhibitive pigments in coatings where corrosion is primarily from electrochemical processes. 因此，正确使用防腐颜料具有巨大的经济价值.
Ron Lewarchik是UL Prospector的特约作者，每月发表文章. 请继续阅读他的专家研究成果“理解防腐颜料”:
金属希望处于热力学最稳定的状态, which, in simplified terms, 物质的自然状态处于最低能态吗. 金属通常以氧化物的形式自然存在(e.g. 氧化铁，氧化铝，氧化锌，因为氧化物代表它们的最低能态. Corrosion is an electrochemical deterioration of a metal due to the reaction with its environment to transform the metal into its lowest energy state. Oxidation occurs at the anode (positive electrode) and reduction occurs at the cathode (negative electrode). 水的存在通常会加速腐蚀, 氧和盐(特别是强酸).
Ron Lewarchik是UL Prospector的特约作者，每月发表文章. 请继续阅读他关于“流，水平”的专家发现 & Viscosity Control in Waterborne Coatings”:
Flow, leveling and viscosity stability can be very challenging and problematic in waterborne ambient cure and baked finishes. 这些问题不仅会影响包的稳定性, 而且在应用期间和之后对外观也有深刻的影响. 由于绝大多数水性涂料的性质是阴离子的(amine (EU) neutralized), 本文将重点介绍胺中和树脂的类型, although if resin polarity, for example from acid functionality, is high enough, anionic resin types can be dispersible or even water soluble without the use of neutralizing amine.
水性涂料技术主要有两大类: water reducible (EU) and latex (EU). For the purpose of this article, water reducible resins are normally made in solvent and then reduced with water to form a resin dispersion in water. 乳胶树脂是在水中乳液聚合而成的. The paints using emulsion resins most often utilize a small amount of organic cosolvent to improve coalescence of the latex particles, as well as substrate wetting.
其他类型的水性涂料使用越来越多的树脂类型，包括PUD (polyurethane dispersions (EU)) as well as microemulsions. Accordingly, multiple issues can influence the flow, leveling, and appearance of waterborne coatings. 本文将主要考察树脂类型的影响, 2) humidity and temperature variation, 3) wetting and 4) flow control. 涂层在应用期间和之后的外观会受到这些问题的很大影响.
Ron Lewarchik是UL Prospector的特约作者，每月发表文章. 请继续阅读他关于“改善环境固化乳胶漆性能”的发现:
Many ambient cured latex paint systems offer deficient properties to those of their solvent born counterparts. Issues with water-born, latex-based paints (EU) may include poorer chemical resistance, moisture resistance, adhesion, surface hardness, abrasion and block resistance. 需要这些特性的乳胶基涂料系统包括建筑涂料, automotive interior, business machine coatings, general industrial, implement finishes and wood coatings.
本文综述了常温固化性能较差的原因 water-born coatings (EU)，并提供制定指引和改善工作表现的方法. 腾讯五分彩官网将集中讨论使用商业上可用的材料的问题 latex polymers (EU) and cross-linkers (EU), rather than on improving these properties by varying monomer selection, polymer architecture (e.g. 核壳、分散、溶液、乳液或微乳液等.) or Tg (the glass transition temperature is the temperature at which a polymer changes from a hard and brittle state to soft and pliable). 点击这里查看UL勘探者的完整文章
A defendant in a law suit involving a coating failure on a multi-story executive apartment building required an expert witness in coating failures to investigate the claim, provide an expert report, and deliver trial testimony.
被告胜诉了，法官在判决书中引述了他判决的理由. He stated that it was the result of the compelling evidence and strong testimony provided by Chemical Dynamics.
A leading manufacturer of coatings for forestry applications requested assistance to reduce cost and improve performance by reformulating two of their product lines to form a new wood coating.
Chemical Dynamics reformulated the product lines by replacing a portion of some pigments with lower cost substitutes that provided lower cost and improved performance.
Launching a new wood coating that reduces cost by 10% while providing equivalent opacity and improved depth of color
FlameOff, 销售额超过500亿美元的全球公司, 试图用新的原材料打入涂料市场. 他们不知道他们的技术在市场上的全部应用, 他们的技术也没有商业化的合成工艺.
腾讯五分彩官网改进了合成过程，使生产更容易, defined multiple applications for the technology that included corrosion inhibitive pigments including replacement of chrome containing pigments, flame retardant additives, flatteners and opacity enhancement. Next, Chemical Dynamics formulated these products in multiple formulations for markets including building products, coil coatings, and product finishing. The technology was then introduced to multiple clients including current clients of Chemical Dynamics.
不久之后，这项技术被引入，并被多个潜在客户测试, commercial orders quickly followed. 如今，这一业务部门正在快速增长.
Martinrea International, 汽车燃料处理组件和软管的领先供应商, was seeking a water born conductive, 环保漆面，适用于燃料填充管. 在他们联系化学动力公司的时候，还没有这样的产品.
Chemical Dynamics, in close cooperation with Martinrea, developed an innovative, patented product called Infinicoat.
Infinicoat meets rigorous automotive specifications and is currently used on several domestic and international automobiles. Infinicoat还入围了2011年PACE汽车新产品的决赛.